Follow along as Pitt State University coach Andrew Grantz breaks down the 4-Out 1-In Attack & React Offense, a highly-effective system that helps exploit your team’s strengths. The offense — which can be described as a mix between the Dribble Drive and Read & React — also teaches players how to play the game of basketball versus just running set plays. This week, Coach Grantz provides an overview of his system before getting into Phase 1 of the offense. Basics of the 4-Out 1-in Attack & React The offense is based on six perimeter spots that can be filled at any time (see diagram in video clip below). The top two spots are guard spots. The wings are 3 and 4 players (or forwards). The post can move block to block. There are also corner spots for whenever you cut and fill out and there’s an overload on one side. Meanwhile, the line going across the half court along the second hash mark of the free throw line is called the Drive Line. There are specific reactions above and below the drive line. Learning About Each Spot Players 1 and 2 – Start just outside the lane-line extended and above the three-point arc. The same thing goes with the 2. This gives us good spacing. Players 3 and 4 – We want them to be drive-line extended. The reason is that we want players 1 and 2 to have passing options. However, we don’t want to bring them up to the free throw line extended because it congests the offense. It opens up a wider driving gap this way. Player 5 – This player moves block to block away from the ball. He/she can post up for a one count. If not open, this player must get to the opposite block immediately. Each player should be outside the college three-point line, more like the NBA three-point line. In other words, we want NBA three-point spacing. This spreads the court and opens gaps for drivers and backdoor options.
Phase 1 – Dribble Penetration In this first phase of the offense, any time a player penetrates, we want to teach them to make a decision above the drive line. Are you going all the way to the rim and score OR are you going to pitch out? You don’t want to over-penetrate. Once below the drive line, you must finish the shot or dump off to the 5 player. With the 5 staying opposite of the ball, it puts a lot of pressure on the defense. Coaching Point: It’s important in this phase to attack the basket to score. You should have an aggressive mentality from the start. Reactions When a Player Drives Let’s say that player 1 drives and gets forced to the right. If so, the player on the same side (the 3 in this case) slides up. The 3 keeps NBA spacing and stays wide. Be patient and wait until the ball is driven inside the three-point line. This gives the 3 player options to step up and shoot or make a strong drive to the basket. If player 1 dribbles to the middle, the 2 man must be patient and will eventually slide right behind. The 4 will also slightly slide up as well. Player 5 must get opposite of the ball. You now have different pitch-out options. All the while, the 3 stays put or moves just slightly to stay out of the shadow of his/her defender.
In our latest player development feature, learn about key basketball tips, drills, and individual moves for effective 1-on-1 play. Follow along with De La Salle head boys basketball coach Frank Allocco as he reveals how players can gain an edge offensively by creating a window of opportunity.
1-on-1 Play Overview
According to Coach Allocco, the most difficult thing to develop in kids is getting the ball to the rim. There’s too much perimeter to perimeter movement going on and not enough penetration. So why exactly is that the case? Well, kids don’t play outdoors enough anymore. There isn’t an emphasis on the need to get to the rim and score.
For example, in New York City outdoor summer play, kids learn to compete and win on the playground. They figure out how arguments get settled and who’s tough. This is also where those individual skills get developed. If kids aren’t out on the playground and only playing structured tournament games all summer long, they just aren’t developing that 1-on-1 game. Therefore, as a coach, you have to stress 1-on-1 play with your kids.
Coach Allocco believes it takes three years to get a kid to become a great driver. One tactic that especially helps: A straight line cut. There should never be any banana cuts. Instead, look to go straight to the rim.
Meanwhile, get that defender off balance before you dribble the ball and don’t give up the dribble. If you do give up the dribble, then the advantage has changed to the defender. We need to be stressing that we are going to the basket and not doing any bailout five-footers or spin dribbles. At first your shot might get blocked in the lane. But a year from now, you’ll see that you’ll start getting by people. And when you can get to the rim, you have options.
Michael Jordan’s greatness was his ability to move the defender. By moving the defender, we create a one-second window of opportunity. If you can jab and move that defender back, you now have an opportunity to score. Therefore, get down nice and low. Make short jab steps and get the defender to move his top foot. Also, look to get inside the elbows when you drive.
In this jab series, all players get out on the court with a ball around the three-point line. Each player gets down low and into a triple-attack stance. Your mentality should always be attack, attack, attack. As you take your jab, you want it to be short. Keep your hand on top of the ball so you can go up and shoot it. Also, work on your jabs left. Don’t neglect the weak side.
Jab and Shoot
Jab and Go – Push off that back foot and go. Your mentality: Play low to high, get past the defender’s hip, and take it hard to the rim.
Jab and Crossover – Rip it to the left hip and then step with the leg. Then put the ball on the floor and take to the basket.
The previous clips can be seen on Championship Productions’ DVD “Frank Allocco: Developing the Complete High School Player.” To check out more videos focusing on individual concepts, click here.